Military defense, as a part of military strategies—strategies that handle the planning and conduct of campaigns, movement and disposition of forces as well as deceiving the enemy—is the usage of defensive tactics used so as to defer the offensive ones. It can help the army to buy time, it can drought the enemy’s resources and bring stability to regain forces for a proper offensive attack.
There are different types of defenses that can be used in order to pursue the desired outcome. To give an example, one conventional defense strategy would concentrate all military resources at the front line. However, if breached, this would lead to the danger of the remaining defenders to be defeated or have sensitive supply, command, and communication. This is why some types of defenses—such as defense in depth—use their resources well behind the front line so that the attacker is surprised to meet resistance as they advance. Yet, as they go deeper, they become more vulnerable.
When needing more time until gaining sufficient strength to attack, defensive operations can be used in order to buy more time, develop favorable conditions for offensive operations, or defeat an enemy attack. Their main purpose is to create the conditions that would make the army regain the initiative. Even if these operations normally cannot achieve a decision and the offensive operations are required to achieve decisive results, it is if not necessary, then at least advisable to defend at times. This way you preoccupy the enemy or erode enemy resources, facilitate other operations and hold terrain.
As such, their purpose can be divided into three main categories: to defeat enemy attacks, to buy time in order to resume to favorable offensive conditions, and to maintain the operational initiative for joint or multinational forces.
To defeat enemy attacks, the defending forces wait for the attacker’s blow and deflect it. Per se, these attacks are not a passive activity, as they strike to weaken enemy forces before the actual combat. Not only do these operations reduce their forces, but they also economize the army’s forces and buy time in order to grow the chances of a positive offensive attack. Thus, many combine defensive operations with defensive ones so as to grow their chances of succeeding but also, to offer stability and support. Moreover, if the conditions do not support offensive operations, initial-entry forces step in to defend the lodgement and deter any attacks as long as there is still time needed to build the combat power.
As mentioned previously, there are different types of defenses, all of them applying both tactical and operational levels of warfare as well as applying both mobile and static elements. These defenses can be divided into three main categories: mobile defense, area defense, and retrograde. Mobile defenses concentrate on defeating the enemy with a decisive attack and require defenders to have a greater mobility than the attacker and luring them into the best position in order to counterattack, while area defenses rely more on synchronization, control and distribution of fire, as it combines both static defensive positions and small mobile reserves to retain ground.
Withal, when it comes to retrograde, this too can be divided into more categories, these being: withdrawal (the force disengages from the enemy force), delay (the force trades space for time), and retirement (the force moves away from the enemy without previously being in contact).
Nowadays, as the nature of warfare has changed, the military strategies are in an ever-growing state as well, constantly improving their tactics and techniques in order to meet the standards. As such, there are new ways to grow the military performance—with even mindfulness being used as one of the military strategies. Our international journal keeps you updated with the latest defense plans used, including defending oneself from any form of intrusion and even digital attacks.